During February, the American Heart Association’s Go Red for Women movement and its latest Hispanic movement, Go Red Por Tu Corazon, work to beat heart disease through education. This is so important because heart disease is the number one killer of women in the US.

Each year, cardiovascular disease claims the lives of nearly half a million women – nearly one per minute.

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the term “heart disease” refers to several types of heart conditions. The most common type in the United States is coronary heart disease (also called coronary artery disease), which occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Coronary heart disease can cause heart attack, angina, heart failure, and arrhythmias. Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, costs the United States $312.6 billion each year.  This total includes the cost of health care services, medications, and lost productivity.

These conditions also are leading causes of disability, preventing Americans from working and enjoying family activities.

The situation is alarming, but there is good news—heart disease is preventable and controllable. We can start by taking small steps every day to bring our loved ones and ourselves closer to heart health. The CDC is provides a tip a day throughout February, but you can take these small steps all year long.

Here is what the CDC Recommends (www.cdc.gov/features/heartmonth/):

One Step at a Time

As you begin your journey to better heart health, keep these things in mind:

  • Don’t become overwhelmed. Every step brings you closer to a healthier heart.
  • Don’t go it alone. The journey is more fun when you have company. Ask friends and family to join you.
  • Don’t get discouraged. You may not be able to take all of the steps at one time. Get a good night’s sleep and do what you can tomorrow.
  • Reward yourself. Find fun things to do to decrease your stress. Round up some colleagues for a lunchtime walk, join a singing group, or have a healthy dinner with your family or friends.

Plan for Prevention

Some health conditions and lifestyle factors can put people at a higher risk for developing heart disease. You can help prevent heart disease by making healthy choices and managing any medical conditions you may have.

  • Eat a healthy diet. Choosing healthful meal and snack options can help you avoid heart disease and its complications. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables—adults should have at least 5 servings each day. Eating foods low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol and high in fiber can help prevent high cholesterol. Limiting sodium in your diet also can lower your blood pressure. For more information on healthy diet and nutrition, visit CDC’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Program Web site and ChooseMyPlate.gov.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk for heart disease. To determine whether your weight is in a healthy range, doctors often calculate a number called the body mass index (BMI). Doctors sometimes also use waist and hip measurements to measure a person’s body fat. If you know your weight and height, you can calculate your BMI at CDC’s Assessing Your Weight Web site.
  • Exercise regularly. Physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure. The Surgeon General recommends that adults should engage in moderate-intensity exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week. For more information, see CDC’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Program Web site.
  • Monitor your blood pressure. High blood pressure often has no symptoms, so be sure to have it checked on a regular basis. You can check your blood pressure at home, at a pharmacy, or at a doctor’s office. Find more information at CDC’s High Blood Pressure Web site.
  • Don’t smoke. Cigarette smoking greatly increases your risk for heart disease. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you do smoke, quit as soon as possible. Your doctor can suggest ways to help you quit. For more information about tobacco use and quitting, see CDC’s Smoking & Tobacco Use Web site and Smokefree.gov.
  • Limit alcohol use. Avoid drinking too much alcohol, which can increase your blood pressure. Men should stick to no more than two drinks per day, and women to no more than one. For more information, visit CDC’s Alcohol and Public Health Web site.
  • Have your cholesterol checked. Your health care provider should test your cholesterol levels at least once every 5 years. Talk with your doctor about this simple blood test. You can find out more from CDC’s High Cholesterol Web site.
  • Manage your diabetes. If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar levels closely, and talk with your doctor about treatment options. Visit CDC’s Diabetes Public Health Resource for more information.
  • Take your medicine. If you’re taking medication to treat high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes, follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. Always ask questions if you don’t understand something.

 

Take Action!

Join The Heart Truth® for #MyHeart28, a 28-day challenge during American Heart Month to take action to lower your risk for heart disease. Throughout the month of February, join The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/hearttruth  to accept the challenge of the day and share how you’re making changes for a healthy heart in 2014.

Unite with women across the country as you take action to improve your heart health and lower your chances of developing heart disease by taking on one challenge a day, whether it’s learning your numbers or making a healthy swap in the kitchen.

Also in February, the NHLBI is pleased to join with the American Heart Association (AHA) to give one voice to critical heart health messages for women throughout the country during American Heart Month. As part of this collaboration, the AHA will be executing a Red Dress Collection℠ fashion show in New York City on Thursday, February 6, with support from the NHLBI.

Show support for the women you have in your life on National Wear Red Day, February 7th, by wearing red, and joining thousands of women who are choosing to reduce their personal risk for heart disease.

If you would like additional information, contact the American Heart Association at 888.MY.HEART (694.3278) or www.goredforwomen.org.